Similar biological effect of high-dose oral versus intravenous methylprednisolone in multiple sclerosis relapses

Similar biological effect of high-dose oral versus intravenous methylprednisolone in multiple sclerosis relapses

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Our aim was to investigate differences in immune mechanisms in multiple sclerosis (MS) relapse, after high-dose oral methylprednisolone (oMP) or intravenous methylprednisolone (ivMP). We measured serum cytokines (IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, IL-17, TNF-α and IFN-γ) in 39 of 49 MS patients with moderate-severe relapse, whom were treated with ivMP or oMP in a placebo-controlled, non-inferiority clinical trial. We assessed these cytokine levels at baseline and at 1 and 4 weeks post-treatment. The cytokine levels between oMP and ivMP were similar at any time. Proinflammatory cytokines (IL-6 and IFN-γ) were significantly decreased in both groups at week 1 (p = 0.05 / p = 0.03) and at week 4 (p = 0.04 / p = 0.05). This study provides further confirmatory evidence that oMP is not inferior to ivMP.

Media title: 
MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS JOURNAL
Quartile: 
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